Degree Year


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


Environmental Studies

Committee Member(s)

Swapna Pathak, Chair
Christie Parris
Baron L. Pineda


Environmental justice, Fracking, Hydraulic fracturing, Social movements, Environmental movements, Fossil fuels, Grassroots organizing, Environmental sociology, Pipelines, Coalitions


This study seeks to compare grassroots organizing efforts against two different fracked gas pipelines. Rooting my analysis in the theory of social movements, I focus on the role of the ideological grounding of the resistance movements, the composition of resistance coalitions formed, and the tactics and strategies employed in opposition to these pipelines. I find that a broad-based coalition with a focus on relationship-building is important to the success of the movement. Additionally, I determine that the presence and involvement of small, medium, and large nonprofits as well as the use of direct action strongly contribute to the success of anti-pipeline movements. These insights are useful for those working to build successful resistance movements against the fossil fuel and extractive industries. This investigation adds to our understanding of grassroots movements, environmental justice praxis, and left politics in practice.