Degree Year


Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts




Amy Margaris

Committee Member(s)

Jack Glazier
Sam Stout
Baron Pineda
Jason Haugen


Burnt bones, Bone color, Cremation, Munsell, Spectrophotometer, Jordan, Bronze Age, Bab edh-Dhra


This research examined a collection of burnt bones from Bab edh-Dhra, an Early Bronze Age site on the Dead Sea Plain of Jordan.The goal of the research was to determine if the bones were accidentally or intentional burnt, and intentionally burnt might indicate cremation as part of the mortuary practices at Bab edh-Dhra. The bones were examined using two systems of color measurement, Munsell Soil Color charts and CIE L*a*b* spectrophotometer. Whether CIE L*a*b* was an effective alternative to Munsell color charts was also evaluated during the research. It was concluded that the bones likely did not represent intentional cremation. It was also demonstrated that CIE L*a*b* spectrophotometer is an effective alternative to Munsell color charts in analyzing burnt bones.

Included in

Anthropology Commons