Degree Year

2010

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts

Department

History

Advisor(s)

Michael Fisher

Keywords

Madagascar, Colonialism, Deforestation, Conservation

Abstract

This project examines the historical roots of deforestation during Madagascar's colonial period in order to shed light on contemporary conservation efforts. Through activities ranging from logging concessions and the encouragement of cash crop production, the French colonial government directly caused massive forest loss. Restrictive protectionist conservation legislation failed to adequately protect forest reserves, instead prompting many Malagasy to use the forests as tools of resistance to colonial governance. Furthermore, Madagascar's convergent colonial and environmental history created a problematic association between colonialism and conservation that has persisted post-independence. I will address the formation of this association and its consequences for both the French colonial government and the international conservation effort.

Included in

History Commons

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