Degree Year

2013

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts

Department

Politics

Advisor(s)

Stephen Crowley
Kristina Mani

Keywords

Responsibility to Protect, R2P, United Nations, Libya, Darfur, Kenya, Responsibility while protecting, Foreign policy

Abstract

This paper explores the emerging United Nations principle of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) and how the three major theoretical schools of international relations "Constructivism, Liberalism, and Realism" can contribute to understanding and implementing R2P. Using the three pillar framework of R2P outlined by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in 2009, this paper asserts that striking parallels can be found between pillar and theory. By exploring each R2P pillar through a particular theoretical lens, this paper seeks to provide a cross-theoretical analysis of R2P and demonstrate the need for a rebalancing of heavily Realist political thought and foreign policy with the insights provided by Constructivism and Liberalism. Annual UN Secretary-General R2P reports and case studies from Darfur, Kenya, and Libya are explored.

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