Title

Determination of the intermolecular potential energy surface for (HCl)2 from vibration—rotation—tunneling spectroscopy

Abstract

An accurate and detailed semiempirical intermolecular potential energy surface for (HCl)2 has been determined by a direct nonlinear least-squares fit to 33 microwave, far-infrared and near-infrared spectroscopic quantities using the analytical potential model of Bunker et al. [J. Mol. Spectrosc. 146, 200 (1991)] and a rigorous four-dimensional dynamical method (described in the accompanying paper). The global minimum (De=-692 cm-1) is located near the hydrogen-bonded L-shaped geometry (R=3.746 A-ring, theta 1=9°, theta 2=89.8°, and &fgr;=180°). The marked influence of anisotropic repulsive forces is evidenced in the radial dependence of the donor—acceptor interchange tunneling pathway. The minimum energy pathway in this low barrier (48 cm-1) process involves a contraction of 0.1 A-ring in the center of mass distance (R) at the C2h symmetry barrier position. The new surface is much more accurate than either the ab initio formulation of Bunker et al. or a previous semiempirical surface [J. Chem. Phys. 78, 6841 (1983)].

Publisher

AIP Publishing

Publication Date

7-15-1995

Publication Title

Journal of Chemical Physics

Department

Chemistry and Biochemistry

Document Type

Article

DOI

10.1063/1.469794

Keywords

Hydrochloric acid, Potential energy surfaces, Vibrational states, Rotational states, Intermolecular forces, Hydrogen bonds, Tunneling, Least square fit

Language

English

Format

text

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS