A Model for the Pitch Structure of Webern's Op. 23 No. 1, "Das dunkle Herz"
This paper formulates a model for the pitch structure of Webern's "Das dunkle Herz" by focusing on the properties of certain transformations of the 12-tone row, and by examining the pitch organization articulated by retrograde symmetries (pitch and pitch-class palindromes) and piece-specific RI-symmetrical configurations that occur at the junctures of successive rows. These R- and RI-symmetrical constellations, and the pitches that anchor them, form a transformational network that governs not only the surface realization of the song, but the deeper levels of structure as well.
Alegant, Brian. 1991. "A Model for the Pitch Structure of Webern's Op. 23 No. 1, 'Das dunkle Herz'." Music Theory Spectrum 13(2): 127-146.
University of California Press
Music Theory Spectrum