Kinetics Study of Acid-Catalyzed Sulfate Esterification Reactions for Atmospherically Relevant Polyols
Extensive laboratory and field studies have identified organosulfates as important constituents of secondary organic aerosol (SOA). However, the mechanisms by which these organosulfates form in the atmosphere remain uncertain. The rate constants for the acid-catalyzed sulfate esterification reactions of a series of polyols were measured via bulk kinetics experiments using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The NMR data indicated that while reactions that occurred at a terminal hydroxyl site were somewhat faster than reactions at internal hydroxyl sites, there were no other significant structure–reactivity trends among the series of polyols. These results suggest that neighboring hydroxyl groups do not significantly modify the sulfate esterification rates from those previously determined for monoalcohols. Extrapolation of the kinetics data to typical atmospheric SOA acidities suggests that sulfate esterification reactions of polyols are unlikely to be a significant source of organosulfates. This conclusion is consistent with a previous study of monoalcohols which made similar conclusions about the kinetic infeasibility of this reaction type.
Mohammed, Aziz C.L., Sunniva B. Sheffield, and Matthew J. Elrod. 2022. "Kinetics Study of Acid-Catalyzed Sulfate Esterification Reactions for Atmospherically Relevant Polyols." ACS Earth and Space Chemistry 6(12): 3115-3122.
American Chemical Society
ACS Earth and Space Chemistry
Chemistry and Biochemistry
Alcohols, Anions, Kinetic parameters, Kinetics, Organic reactions