An Alternative to the Causal Theory of Perception
Proponents of the causal theory of perception have applied the theory to questions about which particular objects or events are perceived, which parts are perceived, and which properties are perceived. In each case, they insist that successful perception is causally dependent on what is perceived. The causal theory rests on an important insight regarding the information-carrying role of perception. In order to succeed in this role, perception cannot be grounded in spurious correlations. But we can respect this insight without embracing the idea that a successful percept must be causally dependent on what is perceived. A correlation in nature can also be genuine or lawful when it arises from a common cause. I show how successful perception is frequently achieved through correlation via a common cause.
Ganson, Todd. 2021. "An Alternative to the Causal Theory of Perception." Australasian Journal of Philosophy 99(4): 683-695.
Australasian Journal of Philosophy
Causal theory of perception, Correlational information, Reichenbach's common cause principle, Inverse projection problem, Shadows, Occlusion illusion