Title

What Drives House Price Cycles? International Experience and Policy Issues

Abstract

The role of real estate during the global financial and economic crisis has prompted efforts to better incorporate housing and financial channels into macro models, improve housing models, develop macroprudential tools, and reform the financial system. This article provides an overview of major, recent contributions to the literature in relation to earlier research on what drives housing prices and how they affect economic activity. Particularly emphasized are studies, both theoretical and more strongly evidence-based, that connect housing markets with credit markets, house price expectations, financial stability, and the wider economy. The literature reveals much diversity in the international and regional behavior of house prices and the need to improve data tracking key housing supply and demand influences. Also reviewed are studies examining how monetary, macroprudential, and other policies affect house prices and access to housing. This survey is designed to help readers navigate the plethora of recent studies and understand the unsettled issues and avenues for further research. The findings should be of interest to policy makers concerned with financial stability as well as those dealing with the role of housing in the wider economy.

Publisher

American Economic Association

Publication Date

9-1-2021

Publication Title

Journal of Economic Literature

Department

Economics

Document Type

Article

DOI

10.1257/jel.20201325

Keywords

Land-use regulations, Boom-bust cycle, Residential land, Macroprudential policy, Empirical evidence, United States, Mortgage market, Monetary policy, Consumer confusion Regional migration

Language

English

Format

text

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