Title

The Ocean and Climate Change: Stommel's Conceptual Model

Abstract

The ocean plays a major role in our climate system and in climate change. In this article we present a conceptual model of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC), an important component of the ocean's global energy transport circulation that has, in recent times, been weakening anomalously. Introduced by Henry Stommel, the model results in a two-dimensional system of first order ODEs, which we explore via Mathematica. The model exhibits two stable regimes, one having an orientation aligned with today's AMOC, and the other corresponding to a reversal of the AMOC. This material is appropriate for a junior-level mathematical modeling or applied dynamical systems course.

Publisher

Claremont Colleges Library

Publication Date

2-13-2019

Publication Title

CODEE Journal

Department

Mathematics

Document Type

Article

DOI

10.5642/codee.201912.01.03

Notes

Volume 12: Linking Differential Equations to Social Justice and Environmental Concerns

Keywords

Overturning circulation, Density gradients, Stable nodes, Bifurcation

Language

English

Format

text

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