The Ocean and Climate Change: Stommel's Conceptual Model
The ocean plays a major role in our climate system and in climate change. In this article we present a conceptual model of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC), an important component of the ocean's global energy transport circulation that has, in recent times, been weakening anomalously. Introduced by Henry Stommel, the model results in a two-dimensional system of first order ODEs, which we explore via Mathematica. The model exhibits two stable regimes, one having an orientation aligned with today's AMOC, and the other corresponding to a reversal of the AMOC. This material is appropriate for a junior-level mathematical modeling or applied dynamical systems course.
Walsh, James A. 2019. "The Ocean and Climate Change: Stommel's Conceptual Model." CODEE Journal 12: article 3.
Claremont Colleges Library
Volume 12: Linking Differential Equations to Social Justice and Environmental Concerns
Overturning circulation, Density gradients, Stable nodes, Bifurcation