Exploration of Plastid Phylogenomic Conflict Yields New Insights into the Deep Relationships of Leguminosae
Phylogenomic analyses have helped resolve many recalcitrant relationships in the angiosperm tree of life, yet phylogenetic resolution of the backbone of the Leguminosae, one of the largest and most economically and ecologically important families, remains poor due to generally limited molecular data and incomplete taxon sampling of previous studies. Here, we resolve many of the Leguminosae’s thorniest nodes through comprehensive analysis of plastome-scale data using multiple modified coding and noncoding datasets of 187 species representing almost all major clades of the family. Additionally, we thoroughly characterize conflicting phylogenomic signal across the plastome in light of the family’s complex history of plastome evolution. Most analyses produced largely congruent topologies with strong statistical support, and provided strong support for resolution of some long-controversial deep relationships among the early diverging lineages of the subfamilies Caesalpinioideae and Papilionoideae. The robust phylogenetic backbone reconstructed in this study establishes a framework for future studies on legume classification, evolution, and diversification. However, conflicting phylogenetic signal was detected and quantified at several key nodes that prevents the confident resolution of these nodes using plastome data alone.
Zhang, Rong, Yin-Huan Wang, Jian-Jun Jin, et al. 2020. "Exploration of Plastid Phylogenomic Conflict Yields New Insights into the Deep Relationships of Leguminosae." Systematic Biology 69(4): 613-622.
Oxford University Press
Leguminosae, Plastome, Maximum likelihood, Recalcitrant relationship, Phylogenetic conflict, Systematic error, Stochasticity