What drives economic policy uncertainty in the long and short runs: European and U.S. evidence over several decades
Economic policy uncertainty (EPU) has increased markedly in recent years in the U.S. and Europe, and some have posited a link between this phenomenon and subpar economic growth in advanced economies (see Baker et al., 2016). But methodological and data concerns have thus far raised doubts about whether EPU contains marginal and exogenous information about other economic phenomena. Our work analyzes the impact on EPU of several possibly endogenous variables, such as inflation and unemployment rates in western countries where EPU is measured. We also consider longer-term technological factors, such as media fragmentation, which, by undermining political consensus, may indirectly elevate EPU. We find that about 40 percent of EPU movements can be explained by long- and short-run movements in these determinants, which is consistent with limited evidence that de-trended movements in EPU may contain marginal information about GDP growth and other macro variables.
Duca, John V., and Jason L. Saving. 2018. "What drives economic policy uncertainty in the long and short runs: European and U.S. evidence over several decades." Journal of Macroeconomics 55: 128-145.
Journal of Macroeconomics
Economic policy uncertainty, Business cycles, Political polarization, Political economy