E-cigarette Devices Used by High-school Youth
Background: E-cigarette use rates are high among youth, but there is limited information on the types of e-cigarette devices that are used by youth.
Methods: During Spring 2017, students from 4 high schools completed surveys on use of e-cigarette devices (cig-a-like, vape/hookah pen, modified devices or mods, and JUUL). Among youth who endorsed ever (lifetime) use of an e-cigarette and of at least one device (n=875), we assessed 1) prevalence rates of ever and current (past-month) use of each device, 2) use of nicotine in each device, and 3) predictors [age, sex, race, socioeconomic status (SES), other tobacco use] of ever use of each device and of use of single versus multiple devices.
Results: Cig-a-likes were used least frequently (Ever use: cig-a-likes: 25.4%; vape/hookah pens: 60.6%; JUUL: 64.2%; mods: 71.2%; Current use: cig-a-likes: 7.3%; vape/hookah pens; 18.7%; mods: 33.1%; JUUL: 47.1%;). Nicotine use was highest for JUUL (JUUL: 80.3%; mods: 56.3%; cig-a-likes: 51.4%; vape/hookah pens: 46.8%). Among ever users of single devices, use of JUUL was highest (JUUL: 43%; mods: 32%; vape/hookah pens: 21%; cig-a-likes: 4%). Ever use of all devices, except JUUL, was associated with other tobacco product use. Ever use of JUUL was associated with higher SES. Ever use of multiple devices (two: 34.7%; three: 25.8%; four: 11.7%) compared with a single device (27.8%) was associated with other tobacco product use.
Conclusions: Targeted regulatory and prevention efforts that consider the use of multiple e-cigarette devices are needed to lower youth e-cigarette use rates.
Krishnan-Sarin, Suchitra, Asti Jackson, Meghan Morean, et al. 2019. "E-cigarette Devices Used by High-school Youth." Drug and Alcohol Dependence 194: 395-400.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
E-cigarette, Device, Youth, JUUL