Title

Plastome phylogenomics of the early-diverging eudicot family Berberidaceae

Abstract

The relationships among the genera of the early-diverging eudicot family Berberidaceae have long been controversial. To resolve these relationships and to better understand plastome evolution within the family, we sequenced the complete plastome sequences of ten Berberidaceae genera, combined these with six existing plastomes for the family, and conducted a series of phylogenomic analyses on the resulting data set. Five of the newly sequenced plastomes were found to possess the typical angiosperm plastome complement of 79 protein-coding genes, 4 rRNA genes, and 30 tRNA genes. The infA gene was found to be pseudogenized in Bongardia, Diphylleia, Dysosma and Vancouveria; rps7 was found to be severely truncated in Diphylleia, Dysosma and Podophyllum; clpP was found to be highly divergent in Vancouveria; and a ∼19 kb inversion was detected in Bongardia. Maximum likelihood phylogenetic analyses of a 79-gene, 24-taxon data set including nearly all genera of Berberidaceae recovered four chromosome groups (x = 6, 7, 8, 10), resolved the x = 8 group as the sister to the x = 10 group, and supported the monophyly of the clade comprising x = 7, 8, 10. The generic relationships within each group were all resolved with high support. Based on gene presence within the Inverted Repeat (IR), a total of seven plastome IR types were identified within Berberidaceae. Biogeographical analysis indicated the origin and diversification of Berberidaceae has likely been strongly influenced by the distribution of its favored habitat: temperate forests.

Publisher

Elsevier

Publication Date

11-1-2018

Publication Title

Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution

Department

Biology

Document Type

Article

DOI

10.1016/j.ympev.2018.07.021

Keywords

Berberidaceae, Plastome, Phylogenomic analyses, Pseudogene, Inversion

Language

English

Format

text

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