Alcohol stimulation and sedation: A critical review of the Biphasic Alcohol Effects Scale
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The Biphasic Alcohol Effects Scale (BAES) is widely used to assess stimulant and sedative alcohol effects. This paper reviews (a) recent measurement developments, (b) behavioral and physiological correlates, and (c) the role of the BAES in refining theories of SR and pharmacological interventions. RECENT FINDINGS: An abbreviated scale (B-BAES) and a comprehensive measures of alcohol effects (SEAS) demonstrate strong psychometric properties and use of the BAES has helped refine the Differentiator Model of SR. Importantly, both BAES stimulation and sedation robustly predict risk for later alcohol problems, and the BAES has demonstrated utility in examining mechanisms of pharmacotherapy effects. SUMMARY: The BAES is the most widely used measure of SR and has informed both theory and practice. Recent findings point to important future directions including the need to (a) examine developmental influences, (b) refine our understanding of FH effects, and (c) consider expansion to capture novel aspects of SR.
Boyd, Stephen J., William R. Corbin, Meghan E. Morean, and Christopher S. Martin. 2017. “Alcohol stimulation and sedation: A critical review of the Biphasic Alcohol Effects Scale.” Current Addiction Reports 4(2): 209-220.
Current Addiction Reports
Biphasic Alcohol Effects Scale, Alcohol response, Stimulation, Sedation, Review, Differentiator Model