Title

Systoles of arithmetic hyberbolic surfaces and 3-manifolds

Abstract

Our main result is that for any positive real number $x_0$, the set of commensurability classes of arithmetic hyperbolic 2- or 3-manifolds with fixed invariant trace field $k$ and systole bounded below by $x_0$ has density one within the set of all commensurability classes of arithmetic hyperbolic 2- or 3-manifolds with invariant trace field $k$. The proof relies upon bounds for the absolute logarithmic Weil height of algebraic integers due to Silverman, Brindza and Hajdu, as well as precise estimates for the number of rational quaternion algebras not admitting embeddings of any quadratic field having small discriminant. When the trace field is the rationals, using work of Granville and Soundararajan, we establish a stronger result that allows our constant lower bound to instead grow with the area/volume. As an application, we establish a systolic bound for arithmetic hyperbolic surfaces that is related to prior work of Buser-Sarnak and Katz-Schaps-Vishne. Finally, we establish an analogous density result for commensurability classes of arithmetic hyperbolic 3-manifolds with a small area totally geodesic surface.

Publisher

International Press

Publication Date

1-1-2017

Publication Title

Mathematical Research Letters

Department

Mathematics

Document Type

Article

DOI

10.4310/MRL.2017.v24.n5.a8

Language

English

Format

text

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