Kinetics of the Aqueous Phase Reactions of Atmospherically Relevant Monoterpene Epoxides
Laboratory and field measurements have demonstrated that an isoprene-derived epoxide intermediate (IEPOX) is the origin of a wide range of chemical species found in ambient secondary organic aerosol (SOA). In order to explore the potential relevance of a similar mechanism for the formation of monoterpene-derived SOA, nuclear magnetic resonance techniques were used to study kinetics and reaction products of the aqueous-phase reactions of several monoterpene epoxides: β-pinene oxide, limonene oxide, and limonene dioxide. The present results, combined with a previous study of α-pinene oxide, indicate that all of these epoxides will react more quickly than IEPOX with aqueous atmospheric particles, even under low-acidity conditions. As for α-pinene oxide, the observed products can be mainly rationalized with a hydrolysis mechanism, and no long-lived organosulfate or nitrate species nor species that retain the β-pinene bicyclic carbon backbone are observed. As bicyclic ring-retaining organosulfate and nitrate species have been previously observed in monoterpene-derived SOA, it appears that monoterpene-derived epoxides may not be as versatile as IEPOX in producing a range of SOA species, and other mechanisms are needed to rationalize organosulfate and nitrate formation.
Cortés, D.A., and M.J. Elrod. 2017. “Kinetics of the Aqueous Phase Reactions of Atmospherically Relevant Monoterpene Epoxides.” Journal of Physical Chemistry A 121(48): 9297-9305.
American Chemical Society
Journal of Physical Chemistry A
Chemistry and Biochemistry