Phylogenetic Analysis Of The Plastid Inverted Repeat For 244 Species: Insights Into Deeper-level Angiosperm Relationships From A Long, Slowly Evolving Sequence Region
Recent plastid phylogenomic studies have helped clarify the backbone phylogeny of angiosperms. However, the relatively limited taxon sampling in these studies has precluded strongly supported resolution of some regions of angiosperm phylogeny. Other recent work has suggested that the 25,000-bp plastid inverted repeat (IR) region may be a valuable source of characters for resolving these remaining problematic nodes. Consequently, we aligned all available angiosperm IR sequences to produce a matrix of 24,702 aligned bases for 246 accessions, including 36 new accessions. Maximum likelihood analyses of the complete data set yielded a generally well-supported topology that is highly congruent with those of recent plastid phylogenomic analyses. However, reducing taxon sampling to match a recent 83-gene plastid analysis resulted in significant changes in bootstrap support at some nodes. Notably, IR analyses resolved Pentapetalae into three well-supported clades: (1) superasterids (comprising Santalales, Caryophyllales, Berberidopsidales, and Asteridae), (2) superrosids (comprising Vitaceae, Saxifragales, and Rosidae), and (3) Dilleniaceae. These results provide important new evidence for a stable, well-supported phylogenetic framework for angiosperms and demonstrate the utility of IR data for resolving the deeper levels of angiosperm phylogeny. They also reiterate the importance of carefully considering taxon sampling in phylogenomic studies.
Moore, Michael J., Nasr Hassan, Matthew A. Gitzendanner, Riva A. Bruenn, et al. 2011. "Phylogenetic Analysis Of The Plastid Inverted Repeat For 244 Species: Insights Into Deeper-level Angiosperm Relationships From A Long, Slowly Evolving Sequence Region." International Journal Of Plant Sciences 172(4): 541-558.
University of Chicago Press
International Journal Of Plant Sciences