Seroprevalence of eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus in birds and larval survey of Culiseta melanura Coquillett during an interepizootic period in central Ohio
From June through August in 1999 and 2000, we conducted an avian serosurvey for eastern equine encephalomyelitis (EEE) virus at Killbuck Marsh Wildlife Area (KMWA), a focus of infection in central Ohio. We also monitored abundance of the suspected enzootic vector, Culiseta melanura Coquillett, in Brown’s Lake Bog, an adjacent wetland. Of the 363 birds of 30 species sampled in 1999, three gray catbirds (Dumetella carolinensis) were positive for antibodies to EEE virus, representing 1.2% of the avian samples and 4.2% of the gray catbirds sampled. Given these results and the abundance of gray catbirds at this site, this species became the focus of our sampling efforts in 2000. However, none of the 109 samples collected from 98 catbirds in 2000 was positive for the virus. Culiseta melanura adults were monitored using resting boxes and CDC CO2 light traps at both sites in 1999. Culiseta melanura larvae were monitored in 1999 and 2000 at Brown’s Lake Bog, the closest known source of this species, approximately 5km from the avian serosurvey site. We suggest that dry conditions reduced the breeding and abundance of Cs. melanura in 2000 and possibly the transmission of EEE virus at KMWA.
Garvin, Mary C., Oji A. Ohajuruka, Kristen E. Bell, and Susan L. Ives. 2004. "Seroprevalence of eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus in birds and larval survey of Culiseta melanura Coquillett during an interepizootic period in central Ohio." Journal of Vector Ecology 29(1): 73-78.
Journal of Vector Ecology
Eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus, Culiseta melanura, Gray catbird, Arboviral transmission