Prevalence of Hematozoa in Overwintering American Redstarts (Setophaga ruticilla): No Evidence for Local Transmission
We examined American redstarts (Setophaga ruticilla) for protozoan blood parasites on their wintering grounds to determine whether transmission of these parasites occurs prior to spring migration. A total of 73 blood smears from 37 birds were examined for presence and intensity of infection. Thirty-six birds were sampled in the fall, soon after arriving from northern breeding grounds, and the spring prior to departure. Two (5%) of the samples collected in the fall were positive for Haemoproteus fringillae and one (3%) had detectable infections of Trypanosoma avium. Individuals infected with H. fringillae were hatching year redstarts sampled in September and October. Intensity of infection was 78 and <1 infected erythrocytes per 10,000 erythrocytes, respectively. None of the birds had detectable infections when resampled prior to spring migration the following March.
Garvin, Mary C., Peter P. Marra, and Sarah K. Crain. 2004. "Prevalence of Hematozoa in Overwintering American Redstarts (Setophaga ruticilla): No Evidence for Local Transmission." Journal of Wildlife Diseases 40(1): 115-118.
Wildlife Disease Association
Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Hematozoa, Jamaica, Setophaga ruticilla