Ecology of Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) In Southcentral Florida and Experimental Culicoides Vectors of the Avian Hematozoan Haemoproteus Danilewskyi Kruse
To determine the vectors of Haemoproteus danilewskyi in blue jays (Cyanocitta cristata) in southcentral Florida (USA), we conducted a 2 yr study from January 1993 to December 1995 of the presence and seasonal abundance of Culicoides spp. Of the 14 species of Culicoides captured in Centers for Disease Control light traps, 10 were ornithophilic. Of these, C. edeni, C. knowltoni, C. stellifer, C. beckae, and C. arboricola were most abundant, representing 46% of the total collection and 99% of the ornithophilic collection. The presence of C. stellifer in Bennett trap collections represents a new biting record for this species on passerine birds. We experimentally challenged the most abundant ornithophilic species to determine which were capable of supporting sporogonic development of H. danilewskyi. Culicoides edeni, C. knowltoni, and C. arboricola supported sporogonic development of H. danilewskyi.
Garvin, Mary C., and Ellis C. Greiner. 2003. "Ecology of Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) In Southcentral Florida and Experimental Culicoides Vectors of the Avian Hematozoan Haemoproteus Danilewskyi Kruse." Journal of Wildlife Diseases 39(1): 170-178.
Wildlife Disease Association
Journal of Wildlife Diseases