Different modes of binding of mono-, di-, and trihalohenated phenols to the hemoglobin dehaloperozidase from Amphrite ornata
The hemoglobin dehaloperoxidase (DHP), found in the coelom of the terebellid polychaete Amphitrite ornata, is a dual-function protein that has the characteristics of both hemoglobins and peroxidases. In addition to oxygen transport function, DHP readily oxidizes halogenated phenols in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. The peroxidase activity of DHP is high relative to that of wild-type myoglobin or hemoglobin, but the most definitive difference in DHP is a well-defined substrate-binding site in the distal pocket, which was reported for 4-iodophenol in the X-ray crystal structure of DHP. The binding of 2,4,6-trihalogenated phenols is relevant since 2,4,6-tribromophenol is considered to be the native substrate and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol also gives high turnover rates in enzymatic studies. The most soluble trihalogenated phenol, 2,4,6-trifluorophenol, acts as a highly soluble structural analogue to the native substrate 2,4,6-tribromophenol. To improve our understanding of substrate binding, we compared the most soluble substrate analogues, 4-bromophenol, 2,4-dichlorophenol, and 2,4,6-trifluorophenol, using 1H and 19F NMR to probe substrate binding interactions in the active site of the low-spin metcyano adduct of DHP. Both mono- and dihalogenated phenols induced changes in resonances of the heme prosthetic group and an internal heme edge side chain, while 1H NMR, 19F NMR, and relaxation data for a 2,4,6-trihalogenated substrate indicate a mode of binding on the exterior of DHP. The differences in binding are correlated with differences in enzymatic activity for the substrates studied.
Davis, M. F., H. Gracz, F. A. Vendeix, V. de Serrano, et al. 2009. "Different modes of binding of mono-, di-, and trihalohenated phenols to the hemoglobin dehaloperozidase from Amphrite ornata." Biochemistry 48(10): 2164-2172.
American Chemical Society
Chemistry and Biochemistry