Title

Colorimetric metal ion binding of catechol-based coatings inspired by melanin and molecular imprinting

Abstract

Catechol-containing biomolecules and related synthetic materials are of interest for a broad range of applications. Our group has been interested in the potential of eumelanin, a catechol-containing biomaterial and the black-to-brown pigment in humans, and synthetic eumelanin analogues for water purification applications. In an attempt to apply the strategy of molecular imprinting towards lead-binding synthetic eumelanin coatings, we developed a PbO2-mediated synthesis that was subsequently tested with a number of catechols in addition to the eumelanin and polydopamine monomers l-dopa and dopamine. Although this strategy did not provide significant improvements in affinity or selectivity, we found that the PbO2-mediated oxidative polymerisation of 1,2-dihydroxybenzene generates a coating that darkens visibly upon binding Pb2+ and other metal ions. Oxidative polymerisation of catechol with sodium periodate also yields a coating with this colorimetric response. Of eight metal ions tested, the coatings are most responsive to Pb2+ and Cu2+, as analysed by quantitative colorimetry. With further optimisation, these coatings could prove useful for the colorimetric sensing of metal ions.

Publisher

Taylor & Francis

Publication Date

1-1-2014

Publication Title

Supramolecular Chemistry

Department

Chemistry and Biochemistry

Document Type

Article

DOI

10.1080/10610278.2013.852672

Notes

Special issue: Eighth International Symposium of Macrocyclic and Supramolecular Chemistry (ISMSC-8)

Keywords

Catechol, Melanin, Molecular imprinting, Colorimetric, Metal ions

Language

English

Format

text

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