Title

Vaping to lose weight: Predictors of adult e-cigarette use for weight loss or control

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Some traditional cigarette smokers are motivated to smoke to lose weight or control their weight. The current study evaluated whether a subset of adult e-cigarette users reported vaping to lose or control their weight and examined potential predictors of vaping for weight management. METHODS: Adult e-cigarette users (n = 459) who reported wanting to lose weight or maintain their weight completed an anonymous online survey. Participants reported on demographics, vaping frequency, e-cigarette nicotine content, cigarette smoking status, preferred e-cigarette/e-liquid flavors, current weight status (i.e., overweight, underweight), use of dieting strategies associated with anorexia and bulimia, lifetime history of binge eating, self-discipline, and impulse control. Binary logistic regression was used to examine whether vaping for weight loss/control was associated with the aforementioned variables. RESULTS: Participants who reported vaping for weight loss/control (13.5%) were more likely to vape frequently (adjOR = 1.15; 95% CI [1.00, 1.31]); be overweight (adjOR = 2.80; [1.33, 5.90]); restrict calories (adjOR = 2.23; [1.13, 4.42]); have poor impulse cantrol (adjOR = 0.59; [0.41, 0.86]); and prefer coffee-(adjOR = 2.92; [1.47, 5.80]) or vanilla-flavored e-liquid (adjOR = 7.44; [1.56, 36.08]). CONCLUSIONS: A subset of adult e-cigarette users reported vaping for weight loss/control, raising concerns about expanded, scientifically unsubstantiated uses of e-cigarettes. Identifying where individuals obtain information about vaping for weight loss (e.g., e-cigarette ads, Internet) and whether weight-related motives promote e-cigarette initiation among e-cigarette na ve individuals is important to informing regulatory efforts. Further research also is needed to better understand the link between e-liquid flavors and weight loss motivations.

Publisher

Elsevier

Publication Date

3-1-2017

Publication Title

Addictive Behaviors

Department

Psychology

Document Type

Article

DOI

10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.10.022

Keywords

Electronic cigarettes, E-cigarettes, Vaping eating disorder, Weight loss

Language

English

Format

text

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