Title

The first complete plastome sequence of the basal asterid family Styracaceae (Ericales) reveals a large inversion

Abstract

Plastome sequences are rich sources of information for resolving difficult phylogenetic relationships and provide genomic data for conservation studies. Here, the complete plastome sequence of Alniphyllum eberhardtii Guillaumin is reported, representing the first plastome of the basal asterid family Styracaceae (Ericales). The plastome is 155,384 bp in length and contains 79 protein-coding genes, 30 tRNA genes and 4 rRNA genes, totaling 113 unique genes with 19 genes in the inverted repeat region. Unusual features of the plastome include the presence a large 20-kb inversion in the Large Single-Copy region, the pseudogenization of the accD gene, and the loss of the second intron from clpP. The 20-kb inversion includes 14 genes and has not been previously reported in other Ericales plastomes. Thirty-nine plastid simple sequence repeats (SSRs) that may provide genetic resources for the conservation of this economically import timber plant are characterized. Phylogenetic results inferred from ML and MP analyses of 66 plastid genes and 26 taxa reveal that the Styracaceae are sister to a clade including Actinidiaceae and Ericaceae and suggest that complete plastomes are likely to be very helpful in resolving the basal relationships among Ericales families, which have resisted resolution in smaller phylogenetic data sets.

Publisher

Springer Verlag

Publication Date

1-1-2017

Publication Title

Plant Systematics and Evolution

Department

Biology

Document Type

Article

DOI

10.1007/s00606-016-1352-0

Keywords

Alniphyllum eberhardtii, Ericales, Inversion, Phylogenomics, Plastome, Styracaceae

Language

English

Format

text

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