Gas Phase Oxidation of Campholenic Aldehyde and Solution Phase Reactivity of its Epoxide Derivative
The rate constant for the OH reaction with campholenic aldehyde (CA) was measured using the flow tube-chemical ionization mass spectrometry method with a relative rate kinetics technique and was found to be (6.54 +/- 0.52) X 10(-11) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1) at 100 Torr pressure and 298 K. A mechanism for the formation of the observed products was developed for both NO-free and NO-present conditions. On the basis of measurements of the pressure dependent yields of the products, between 5 and 20% of the CA oxidation at atmospheric pressure is predicted to lead to campholenic aldehyde epoxide (CAE). The aqueous solution reaction rate constants for CAE were determined via NMR spectroscopy and were found to be (2.241 +/- 0.036) X 10(-5) s(-1) for neutral conditions and 0.0989 +/- 0.0053 M-1 s(-1) for acid-catalyzed conditions at 298 K. The products of the CAE aqueous solution reaction were identified as an isomer of CAE and the aldehyde group hydrated form of this isomer. Unlike the isoprene-derived epoxide, IEPDX, a nucleophilic addition mechanism was not observed. On the basis of the rate constants determined for CA and CAE, it is likely that these species are reactive on atmospherically relevant time scales in the gas and aerosol phases, respectively. The results of the present study largely support a previous supposition that a-pinene-derived secondary organic aerosol may be influenced by the multiphase processing of various intermediate species, including those with epoxide functionality.
Thomas, William C., William D. Dresser, Diego A. Cortes, and Matthew J. Elrod. 2017. "Gas Phase Oxidation of Campholenic Aldehyde and Solution Phase Reactivity of its Epoxide Derivative." Journal of Physical Chemistry A 121(1): 168-180.
American Chemical Society
Journal of Physical Chemistry A
Chemistry and Biochemistry
Secondary organic aerosol, Rate-constant measurements, Alpha-pinene oxide, Isoprene photooxidation, Rate coefficients, Tropospheric degradation, Unsaturated alcohols, Chemical-ionization, Hydroxyl radicals, Allyl alcohol