Title

Children's health insurance, family income, and welfare enrollment

Abstract

Children from wealthier families are more likely to have health insurance than children from poorer families on average. However, the relationship between family income and health insurance is non-linear, as children near the Federal Poverty Line (FPL) are less likely to be insured than children from both wealthier families (who obtain health insurance from the private market) and poorer families (who obtain government-funded health insurance). This health insurance dip has persisted even as Medicaid has been expanded to cover those above the FPL. One explanation for this is that families who are far below the poverty line are better connected to the welfare system, and consequently, are more likely to enroll in Medicaid. This study uses data from the 2001-2013 Current Population Surveys and finds that (1) controlling for many of the determinants of eligibility, those on other forms of government assistance are more likely to have health insurance, and (2) the relationship between family income and children's health insurance status is strictly increasing after controlling for enrollment in other welfare programs.

Publisher

Elsevier

Publication Date

2-1-2017

Publication Title

Children and Youth Services Review

Department

Economics

Document Type

Article

DOI

10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.12.014

Keywords

Medicaid, Children's health insurance program, Health insurance, Federal poverty line, Welfare enrollment

Language

English

Format

text

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