Title

Participatory and Action Research Methods

Abstract

The term “action research” is associated in the USA with Kurt Lewin, who published extensively on action research from the 1940s onward and gave these methods their conceptual form. To Lewin (1946), action research was comparative research on the conditions and effects of various forms of social action and research leading to social action .... [it is] a big spiral of steps, each of which is composed of a circle of planning, action, and fact-finding about the result of the action. [Action, research, and training form] a triangle that should be kept together for the sake of any of the corners, (pp. 202–211)

Publisher

Springer US

Publication Date

1-1-1991

Department

Politics

Document Type

Book Chapter

DOI

10.1007/978-1-4684-5814-5_8

ISBN

9781468458169

Language

English

Format

text

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