Assessing the potential for diol and hydroxy sulfate ester formation from the reaction of epoxides with tropospheric aerosols
Polyols and sulfate esters have recently been identified in the secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formed in the photooxidation of biogenic hydrocarbons both in the laboratory and under ambient atmospheric conditions. In the present study, the potential role of the reactions of epoxides in SOA to form diols and hydroxy sulfate esters is explored. Nuclear magnetic resonance methods were used to monitor the bulk reaction kinetics of the epoxide hydrolysis reactions for a number of simple epoxides. The experiments were carried out at various acid concentrations in order to confirm the acid-catalysis rate order and to determine the second-order rate constants for such reactions in aerosols under the previously studied laboratory conditions and under ambient atmospheric conditions. The measured rate constants depended systematically on the carbon substitution nature of the epoxide ring, with the tertiary epoxides characterized by the largest rate constants. The hydroxy sulfate yield was observed to depend linearly on the total sulfate concentration, with yields as high as 30% observed at high sulfate concentrations. Due to the large values of the observed rate constants, these reactions are expected to be efficient even for mostly neutralized tropospheric SOA, let alone the much more acidic SOA particles previously studied in laboratory experiments. Therefore, the epoxide hydrolysis mechanism appears to be a kinetically feasible route to the formation of the diols and hydroxy sulfate esters observed in the SOA resulting from the photooxidation of biogenic hydrocarbons.
Minerath, E.C. and M.J. Elrod. 2009. "Assessing the Potential for Diol and Hydroxy Sulfate Ester Formation from the Reaction of Epoxides with Tropospheric Aerosols." Environmental Science and Technology 43(5): 1386-1392.
American Chemical Society
Environmental Science and Technology
Chemistry and Biochemistry