Overall rate constant measurements of the reaction of chloroalkylperoxy radicals with nitric oxide
The overall rate constants of the NO reaction with chloroalkylperoxy radicals derived from the Cl-initiated oxidation of several atmospherically abundant alkenes - ethene, propene, 1-butene, 2-butene, 2-methylpropene, 1,3-butadiene, and isoprene (2-methyl-1,3-butadiene) - were determined for the first time via the turbulent flow technique and pseudo-first-order kinetics conditions with high-pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry for the direct detection of chloroalkylperoxy radical reactants. The individual 100 Torr, 298 K rate constants for each monoalkene system were found to be identical within the 95% confidence interval associated with each separate measurement, whereas the corresponding rate constants for 1,3-butadiene and isoprene were both similar to 20% higher than the monoalkene mean value. Our previous study of the reaction of hydroxylalkylperoxy radicals (derived from the OH-initiated oxidation of alkenes) with NO yielded identical rate constants for all of the alkenes under study, with a rate constant value within the statistical uncertainty of the value determined here for the NO reaction of chloroalkylperoxy radicals derived from monoalkenes. Thus, the reaction of NO with chloroalkylperoxy radicals derived from dialkenes is found to be significantly faster than the NO reaction with either chloroalkylperoxy radicals derived from monoalkenes or hydroxyalkylperoxy radicals derived from either mono- or dialkenes.
Patchen, A.K., M.J. Pennino, and M.J. Elrod. 2005. "Overall Rate Constant Measurements of the Reaction of Chloroalkylperoxy Radicals with Nitric Oxide." Journal of Physical Chemistry A 109(26): 5865-5871.
American Chemical Society
Journal of Physical Chemistry A
Chemistry and Biochemistry
Temperature dependence, Branching channel, Anthropogenic sources, Ozone formation, Kinetics, Chlorine, Alkenes