The effects of aging on location-based and distance-based processes in memory for time
Retrieving when an event occurred may depend on an estimation of the age of the event (distance-based processes) or on strategic reconstruction processes based on contextual information associated with the event (location-based processes). Young and older participants performed a list discrimination task that has been designed to dissociate the contribution of both types of processes. An adapted Remember/Know/Guess procedure [Can. J. Exp. Psychol. 50 (1996) 114] was developed to evaluate the processes used by the participants to recognize the stimuli and retrieve their list of occurrence. The results showed that aging disrupts location-based processes more than distance-based processes. In addition, a limitation of speed of processing and working-memory capacities was the main predictor of age-related differences on location-based processes, whereas working-memory capacities mediated partly age differences on distance-based processes.
Bastin, Christine, Martial Van der Linden, Anne-Pascale Michel, and William J. Friedman. 2004. "The effects of aging on location-based and distance-based processes in memory for time." Acta Psychologica 116(2): 145-171.
Episodic memory, Aging, Consciousness states, Recognition memory