The Office of Akhbār Nawīs: The Transition from Mughal to British Forms
The persistence and yet transformation of the office of akhbār nawīs (‘newswriter’) reflected fundamental aspects of the transition from the Mughal to the British Empires. The Mughals appointed akhbār nawīs to collect and transmit specific kinds of information. This office continued, albeit with new functions, through the decentralizing of political power that characterized eighteenth-century South Asia. The expansion fo hte English East India Company meant constant change in the essential nature of political relations, changes mirrored in this office. Indeed, the Company, and its political Residents, subordinated and redefined this office. Under the British Raj, the concept ‘akhbār nawīs’ stood transformed, like the nature of the information it conveyed.
Fisher, Michael H. 1993. "The Office of Akhbār Nawīs: The Transition from Mughal to British Forms." Modern Asian Studies 27(1): 45-82.
Cambridge University Press
Modern Asian Studies
Special Issue: How Social, Political and Cultural Information Is Collected, Defined, Used and Analyzed