The structure and contradictions of productive relations in socialist agrarian 'reform': A framework for analysis and the Chinese case
This article attempts to develop a complex analytical framework for analysing socialist agrarian reform, and to apply it to the case of post-Mao China, perhaps the most sweeping agrarian 'reform' in the history of socialism. The purpose of doing so is to disaggregate the complex changes which have been wrought under the 'responsibility systems' in order to get a more nuanced sense of what has and has not changed, how the various parts fit together, and where the axes of contradiction posed by the 'reform' may lie. This analytical framework may also be of use in comparative analysis of socialist agriculture, though that enterprise is not attempted here. One basic argument of this study is that the 'responsibility systems' of the recent Chinese 'reforms' are neither socialist nor capitalist, but something distinctive, whose potentially heterogeneous elements must be identified, disaggregated, analysed one by one, and then reconstituted, in order to expose their nature, dynamics and contradictions.
Blecher, Marc. J. "The Structure and Contradictions of Productive Relations in Socialist Agrarian 'Reform': A Framework for Analysis and The Chinese Case." Journal of Development Studies 22, 1 (October 1985): 104-126.
Taylor & Francis
Journal of Development Studies
East Asian Studies
Socialist societies, Land reform, Agriculture and state, Economic policy, History