Monitoring Co-Crystal Formation via In Situ Solid-State NMR
A detailed understanding of the mechanism of organic cocrystal formation remains elusive. Techniques that interrogate a reacting system in situ are preferred, though experimentally challenging. We report here the results of a solid-state in situ NMR study of the spontaneous formation of a cocrystal between a pharmaceutical mimic (caffeine) and a coformer (malonic acid). Using 13C magic angle spinning NMR, we show that the formation of the cocrystal may be tracked in real time. We find no direct evidence for a short-lived, chemical shift-resolved amorphous solid intermediate. However, changes in the line width and line center of the malonic acid methylene resonance, in the course of the reaction, provide subtle clues to the mode of mass transfer that underlies cocrystal formation.
Mandala, Venkata S., Sarel J. Loewus, and Manish A. Mehta. October 2, 2014. “Monitoring Co-Crystal Formation via In Situ Solid-State NMR.” Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 5(19): 3340-3344.
American Chemical Society
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Chemistry and Biochemistry