Determination of Peptide Backbone Torsion Angles Using Double-Quantum Dipolar Recoupling Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy
Several approaches for utilizing dipolar recoupling solid-state NMR (ssNMR) techniques to determine local structure at high resolution in peptides and proteins have been developed. However, many of these techniques measure only one torsion angle or are accurate for only certain classes of secondary structure. Additionally, the efficiency with which these dipolar recoupling experiments suppress the deleterious effects of chemical shift anisotropy (CSA) at high magnetic field strengths varies. Dipolar recoupling with a windowless sequence (DRAWS) has proven to be an effective pulse sequence for exciting double-quantum (DQ) coherences between adjacent carbonyl carbons along the peptide backbone. By allowing this DQ coherence to evolve, it is possible to measure the relative orientations of the CSA tensors and subsequently use this information to determine the Ramachandran torsion angles φ and ψ. Here, we explore the accuracies of the assumptions made in interpreting DQ-DRAWS data and demonstrate their fidelity in measuring torsion angles corresponding to a variety of secondary structures irrespective of hydrogen-bonding patterns. It is shown how a simple choice of isotopic labels and experimental conditions allows accurate measurement of backbone secondary structures without any prior knowledge. This approach is considerably more sensitive for determining structure in helices and has comparable accuracy for β-sheet and extended conformations relative to other methods. We also illustrate the ability of DQ-DRAWS to distinguish between structures in heterogeneous samples.
Mehta, Manish, Matthew T. Eddy, Seth A. McNeill, Frank D. Mills, et al. 2008. "Determination of Peptide Backbone Torsion Angles Using Double-Quantum Dipolar Recoupling Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy." Journal Of The American Chemical Society 130(7): 2202-2212.
American Chemical Society
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Chemistry and Biochemistry