Torelli Actions and Smooth Structures on 4-manifolds
Artin presentations are discrete equivalents of planar open book decompositions of closed, orientable three manifolds. Artin presentations characterize the fundamental groups of closed, orientable three manifolds. An Artin presentation also determines a smooth, compact, simply conected four manifold that bounds the three dimensional open book. In this way, the study of three and four manifolds may be approached purely group theoretically. In the theory of Artin presentations, elements of the Torelli subgroup act on the topology and smooth structures of the three and four manifolds. We show that the Torelli action can preserve the continuous topological type of a four manifold while changing its smooth structure. This is a new, group theoretic method of altering the smooth structure on a four manifold.
Calcut, Jack S.. 2008. "Torelli Actions and Smooth Structures on 4-manifolds." Journal Of Knot Theory And Its Ramifications 17(2): 171-190.
World Scientific Publishing
Journal of Knot Theory and Its Ramifications