Link between perpendicular coupling and exchange biasing in Fe3O4/CoO multilayers
In studying well-characterized, exchange-biased Fe3O4/CoO superlattices, we demonstrate a causal link between the exchange bias effect and the perpendicular coupling of the ferrimagnetic and antiferromagnetic spins. Neutron diffraction studies reveal that for thin CoO layers the onset temperature for exchange biasing TB matches the onset of locked-in, preferential perpendicular coupling of the spins, rather than the antiferromagnetic ordering temperature TN. The results are explained by considering the role of anisotropic exchange first proposed by Dzyaloshinsky and Moriya and developing a model based purely on information on structural defects and exchange for these oxides. The devised mechanism provides a general explanation of biasing in systems with perpendicular coupling.
Ijiri, Y., T. C. Schulthess, J. A. Borchers, P. J. van der Zaag, et al. 2007. "Link between perpendicular coupling and exchange biasing in Fe3O4/CoO multilayers." Physical Review Letters 99.
American Physical Society
Physical Review Letters
Physics and Astronomy