Title

Link between perpendicular coupling and exchange biasing in Fe3O4/CoO multilayers

Abstract

In studying well-characterized, exchange-biased Fe3O4/CoO superlattices, we demonstrate a causal link between the exchange bias effect and the perpendicular coupling of the ferrimagnetic and antiferromagnetic spins. Neutron diffraction studies reveal that for thin CoO layers the onset temperature for exchange biasing TB matches the onset of locked-in, preferential perpendicular coupling of the spins, rather than the antiferromagnetic ordering temperature TN. The results are explained by considering the role of anisotropic exchange first proposed by Dzyaloshinsky and Moriya and developing a model based purely on information on structural defects and exchange for these oxides. The devised mechanism provides a general explanation of biasing in systems with perpendicular coupling.

Publisher

American Physical Society

Publication Date

1-1-2007

Publication Title

Physical Review Letters

Department

Physics and Astronomy

Document Type

Article

DOI

10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.147201

Language

English

Format

text

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